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Beautifully positioned in the Pacific Ocean, about 500 miles (804km) east of the Philippines, the exquisite islands of Palau are honeycombed with underwater caverns and natural reefs. Boasting more than 700 species of corals and 1,500 species of fish, Palau has earned its reputation as an underwater wonder of the world, attracting around 50,000 visitors a year to its scuba diving paradise. The main appeal of the country for travellers is undoubtedly the underwater world and Palau has been fondly dubbed 'The Underwater Serengeti'; in fact, the country is virtually unknown outside of diving circles, despite being almost as pristine above the surface as below.
Steeped in a fascinating history dating back to at least 1,000 BC, Palau was first explored by Europeans in the 16th century and has since been under the control of Spain, Germany, Japan and the USA, before becoming an independent nation in 1994. The islands were occupied by the Japanese during World War II and played host to one of the bloodiest battles of the war, relics of which can be seen on Peleliu Island which houses a World War II Memorial Museum including former battlefields, tanks, artillery, and shrines.
Palau is an archipelago of about 250 limestone and volcanic islands, most of which have barely been marked by human settlement and remain blanketed in dense forest. The most populous island is Koror, but the capital of Ngerulmud as well as the international airport can be found on nearby Babeldaod Island.
For those looking for a relaxing and exotic holiday Palau offers sugary white beaches, turquoise waters, sunny weather and a plethora of activities including swimming, game fishing, kayaking, dolphin watching, snorkelling, and sailing. A slice of heaven awaits those who decide on a visit to Palau, which has just enough amenities to comfortably host tourists without compromising the natural beauty and island atmosphere.